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|Popular Horse Racing Terms E - H (continued)|
Early foot: Speed, especially away from the starting gate.
Eased: Having surrendered, the horse is slowed during a race.
Eclipse Awards: Named for the great undefeated champion of the
18th century and determined by a vote of the National Turf Writers
Association, The Daily Racing Form and the Thoroughbred Racing
Associations, these are the sport's highest honors.
Eighth pole: The marker or pole indicating an eighth of a mile
to the wire.
EIPH: Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhaging.
Endoscope: An instrument used to examine the upper airway and stomach.
Entrapped epiglottis: An abnormal throat condition in which a thin membrane moves to cover the epiglottis and obstruct breathing.
Entry: Two or more horses, usually with common ownership, that are coupled as a betting interest.
Entry fee: Money paid to enter a horse in a stakes race.
EPM: Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, a baffling neurological disease.
Equibase: The company formed by the partnership of The Jockey Club and the TRA to maintain racing records.
Exacta: A bet requiring you to select the first 2 finishers of a race in the exact order. Also known as a perfecta.
Exercise rider: A person who rides horses in workouts and gallops.
Experimental Free Handicap: A rating of the year's top juveniles by weight assignments.
Exotic: Any multi-horse or multi-race wager.
False favorite: An unworthy betting favorite.
Fast: Official track condition when the surface is free of
excessive moisture and at its best.
Filly: Female horse 4 years old or younger.
Firm: Official condition of the turf course when it is free of
First Time Starter: A horse that is racing for the first time in his/her life. Almost always running in a maiden race.
Foal: 1) A horse in its first year of life.
Founder: Common term for laminitis, which is the severe inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the foot.
Founding sires: Most thoroughbreds are descended from the founding sires - the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb.
Fractional times: Internal fractions of a race.
Frog: The pliable supporting structure on the bottom of the foot.Fronts / Front Wraps: Means the horse is wearing bandages on his front legs. Often a sign that he may have some swelling or weakness in the legs.
Furlong: The increments races are measured by in North America (equal to an eighth of a mile.)
Furosemide: Commonly known by the trade name Lasix or Salix, a diuretic used to discourage bleeding in horses.
Futurity: A stakes race for juveniles that requires continuous payments by their owners to maintain the horse 's eligibility.
Game Horse: A horse that is extremely tough to get past, a runner that tries very hard.
Gap: An opening in the rail.
Garrison finish: Coming from off the pace and winning in the final jumps, so named for the jockey Snapper Garrison.
Gelding: A castrated male horse.
Get: Progeny of a stallion.
Going away: To win with an increasing margin.
Good doer: An eager eater.
Grab a quarter: An injury to the back of the hoof resulting from a horse stepping on itself.
Graded line: A handicapper's rating by odds of all the horses in a race based on his opinion of their relative chances of winning.
Graded stakes races: Selected major stakes that are classified by the
North American Graded Stakes Committee as Grade I, II or III according
to the quality of competition. Grade 1 being the most prestigious. The
Kentucky Derby is a Grade 1 race, so is the Breeders Cup Classic.
Gray: A horse with white hairs in his coat.Green: A term for a young and inexperienced horse, one still learning the ropes of racing.
Groom: A person who feeds and cares for the horses at the stable. Grooms are incredibly important to the health and well-being of race horses. Most grooms travel with their horses, often developing a special bond with them.
H next to a horse's name: This tells you that the animal is considered a male horse. A young male horse is considered a colt, like the 3 year old males that run in the Kentucky Derby. A castrated male horse is always referred to as a gelding, regardless of age. A young female horse is called a filly, while an older female horse is referred to as a mare.
Half-brothers or half-sisters: Horses out of the same dam, but by different stallions.
Half-mile pole: The marker or pole (red and white) that indicates a half-mile remains to the wire.
Hand: Unit of measurement equaling four inches and used for expressing a horse's height at the withers. A term used to measure the height of a horse, each hand being four inches. For instance the great Zenyatta stands 17.2 hands, a very tall horse.
Handicap: 1) To analyze the past performances and rate the
horses in a race.
Handily: Describing a workout of some effort.
Handle: The total amount of money wagered.
Hand ride: Without use of the whip.
Hang: To fail to sustain a move or an advance.
Hardboot: A horseman of the old school.
Head of the stretch: Top of the homestretch.
Highweight: The horse assigned the most weight in a handicap.
Home and Hosed: I have heard this one from several race callers, usually in Australia. Basically the horse is a sure winner passing the post and ready to go back to the barn for a well deserved bath.
Horse: An ungelded male 5 years old or older.
Hot walker: Person who walks horses to cool them out after exercise or racing.
|Popular Horse Racing Terms I - P|